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Implementation & Accountability

Promote Youth Civic Engagement

Implementation & Accountability


Because of the variety in proven interventions, states and communities have leeway to find programs that suit local values, opportunities and budgets. The key is to select strategies that have documented effectiveness, assure that they are implemented well and recognize the critical importance of a strong commitment to continuous program improvement.

  • Match expectations with sufficient resources .  Be clear about the goals, purpose and target audience for specific programs.  Provide sufficient resources to ensure fidelity to the evidence-based model, or modify expectations to accommodate variances.   
  • Identify barriers.   Effective policy development requires the identification of factors that may impede effective implementation. 
  • Make provisions for broad-based input.  When involvement will increase the likelihood that the needs of children and families are being met by the policy,engage community stakeholders in implementation.  
  • Support local capacity and communication . Provide technical assistance, monitoring, and oversight to local programs and agencies.  Create opportunities for local-to-local communication, best practices sharing, and local input on state policy decisions.
  • Support ongoing evaluation and continuous program improvement.   

The Washington, D.C. Youth Advisory Council ensures broad-based input by establishing membership criteria that leads to a diverse and representative advisory group.  The council consists of 32 members, between the ages of 13 and 22, selected from various sectors of the District (3 members from each of the 8 district wards and 8 at-large representatives who have experience with the juvenile justice system and foster care system). Membership reflects a broad range of diversity encompassing but not limited to relevant differences such as ethnicity, location of residency, religion and gender. The Youth Advisory Council advises the Mayor, the District Council, DC public schools and other key decision-makers in the community and District government.


Evaluation is essential for successful policy implementation and to ensure intended outcomes.  Accountability requires determining whether programs are implemented correctly, the right programs and strategies are used, progress is measured appropriately and children and families are benefiting.

  • Monitor results.  Through data, other information, and consultation, it is possible to determine if the results we set out to achieve for children and families have been attained.  By reexamining the selected indicators we can measure our progress toward the desired result.
  • Monitor performance.   Oversight requires policy makers to determine if policy objectives have been achieved by focusing attention on the performance of specific programs or agencies. This involves reviewing individual programs and their impact on the lives of the people the program is designed to serve.

Determine if the strategies are contributing to better results and meeting performance standards.

  • Assign responsibility for realistic outcomes.   Responsibility for outcomesshould be designated based on the appropriate roles, resources and capacity of public and private stakeholders. 
  • Establish oversight bodies that consistently review key actions by state agencies.
  • Measure and report progress to stakeholders and the community.  Require public availability of data to allow administrators, policymakers and the public to measure the state’s progress on key outcomes.  

A checklist of questions to ask to monitor results and performance.


Considering Co-Investment:

1. Are we consulting with appropriate experts, advocates and constituents?

2. Are we ensuring that families being consulted and that their views and experiences are being considered?


A checklist of questions to ask in order to increase the likelihood of successful implementation.


Considering Racial Equity:

1. Does this policy take into account differences in cultures and community norms?

2. Will/Is this policy improving racial equity?