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Implementation & Accountability

Promote Affordable Housing

Implementation & Accountability


Because of the variety in proven interventions, states and communities have leeway to find programs that suit local values, opportunities and budgets. The key is to select strategies that have documented effectiveness, assure that they are implemented well and recognize the critical importance of a strong commitment to continuous program improvement.


  • Match expectations with sufficient resources .  Be clear about the goals, purpose and target audience for specific programs.  Provide sufficient resources to ensure fidelity to the evidence-based model, or modify expectations to accommodate variances.   
  • Identify barriers.   Effective policy development requires the identification of factors that may impede effective implementation.
  • Make provisions for broad-based input.  When involvement will increase the likelihood that the needs of children and families are being met by the policy, engage community stakeholders (ex-offenders, their families, community groups, service providers, and courts) in implementation.  
  • Support local capacity and communication . Provide technical assistance, monitoring, and oversight to local programs and agencies.  Create opportunities for local-to-local communication, best practices sharing, and local input on state policy decisions.
  • Support ongoing evaluation and continuous program improvement.  

The state of Michigan established an implementation work group to assist in the implementation of the Michigan Affordable Housing Community Five-Year Action Plan.  The goal of the plan is to provide a common vision and voice for affordable housing advocates, funders, practitioners and recipients.


Evaluation is essential for successful policy implementation and ensuring intended outcomes.  Accountability requires determining whether programs are implemented correctly, the right programs and strategies are used, progress is measured appropriately, and children and families are benefiting.

  • Monitoring results.  Through data, other information, and consultation, it is possible to determine if the results we set out to achieve for children and families have been attained.  By reexamining the selected indicators we can measure our progress toward the desired result.
  • Monitoring performance.   Oversight requires policymakers to determine if policy objectives have been achieved by focusing attention on the performance of specific programs or agencies. This involves reviewing individual programs and their impact on the lives of the people the program is designed to serve.
  • Determine if the strategies are contributing to better results and meeting performance standards.
  • Assign responsibility for realistic outcomes.   Responsibility for outcomes should be designated based on the appropriate roles, resources, and capacity of public and private stakeholders.
  • Establish oversight bodies that consistently review key actions by state agencies.
  • Measure and report progress to stakeholders and the community.  Require public availability of data to allow administrators, policymakers, and the public to measure the state’s progress on key outcomes.

The Indiana Affordable Housing and Community Development Fund is an advisory committee dedicated to the development of a broad range of housing solutions, including emergency and transitional, rental and homebuyer housing. IAHCDF also helps local communities build upon their unique assets to create opportunity and ready access to goods and services. The committee consists of sixteen members appointed by the governor who represent:state agencies; residential real estate developers and brokers or salespersons; construction trades; banks and other lending institutions; the interests of persons with disabilities; service providers; low-income families; nonprofit community-based organizations and community development corporations; the Indiana Apartment Owners Association; the manufactured housing industry and neighborhood groups. At least three members of the committee must be from a city with a population of less than thirty-five thousand people, a town or a rural area.


1. Are we consulting with appropriate experts, advocates, and constituents?

2. Are we ensuring that families being consulted and that their views and experiences are being considered?


A checklist of questions to ask to monitor results and performance.


1. Does this policy take into account differences in cultures and community norms?

2. Will/Is this policy improving racial equity?