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Implementation & Accountability

Support Early Healthy Development

Implementation & Accountability

Implementation

Because of the variety in proven interventions, states and communities have leeway to find programs that suit local values, opportunities and budgets. The key is to select strategies that have documented effectiveness, assure that they are implemented well and recognize the critical importance of a strong commitment to continuous program improvement.

  • Match expectations with sufficient resources.  Be clear about the goals, purpose and target audience for specific programs.  Provide sufficient resources to ensure fidelity to available evidence-based models or modify expectations to accommodate variances.
  • Identifying barriers.  Effective policy development requires the identification of factors that may impede effective implementation.
  • Make provisions for broad-based input.  When involvement will increase the likelihood that the needs of children and families are being met by the policy, engage community stakeholders (providers, parents, youth and courts) in implementation.
  • Support local capacity and communication. Provide technical assistance, monitoring and oversight to local programs and agencies.  Create opportunities for local-to-local communication, best practices sharing and local input on state policy decisions.
  • Support ongoing evaluation and continuous program improvement.

Accountability

Evaluation is essential for successful policy implementation and ensuring intended outcomes.  Accountability requires determining whether programs are implemented correctly, the right programs and strategies are used, progress is measured appropriately and children and families are benefiting.

  • Monitoring results.  Through data, other information and consultation, it is possible to determine if the results we set out to achieve for children and families have been attained.  By reexamining the selected indicators, we can measure our progress toward the desired result.
  • Monitoring performance.  Oversight requires policymakers to determine if policy objectives have been achieved by focusing attention on the performance of specific programs or agencies. This involves reviewing individual programs and their impact on the lives of the people the program is designed to serve.

Determine if the strategies are contributing to better results and meeting performance standards.  

  • Assign responsibility for realistic outcomes.   Responsibility for outcomes should be designated based on the appropriate roles, resources and capacity of public and private stakeholders. 
  • Establish oversight bodies that consistently review key actions by state agencies.
  • Measure and report progress to stakeholders and the community.  Require public availability of data to allow administrators, policymakers and the public to measure the state’s progress on key outcomes.

Kentucky has developed a flexible, comprehensive assessment and accountability system for the state early childhood standards, which are aligned with early childhood outcomes designated by the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP). The system allows local early care and education providers to select an assessment tool to continually monitor children’s progress based on state standards to assess children’s learning, improve programs and collect data for reporting purposes[1].

 

 

question

1. Are we consulting with appropriate experts, advocates and constituents?

2. Are we ensuring that families being consulted and that their views and experiences are being considered?

resource

A checklist of questions to ask to monitor results and performance.

question

Considering Racial Equity:

1. Does this policy take into account differences in cultures and community norms?

2. Will/Is this policy improving racial equity?

resource

A checklist of questions to ask in order to increase the likelihood of successful implementation.